In spite of the substantial differences between developed and developing countries, rural health’s key themes are the same across the globe. Access is a major rural health problem. Even in the countries where most population lives in rural areas, resources are concentrated in cities. Every country has difficulties with communication and transport and they face challenge of shortages of health professionals like doctors in remote and rural areas.
People in the rural communities have to know that if they’re unlucky enough to be seriously injured or ill, then there’s a system to save them. Generally, in cities where there are some hospital ambulance services and emergency departments, this emergency response will happen. In remote and rural areas, it can’t be taken for granted and people have to be focused on their security needs. More often than not, the way this felt need was expressed is through the primary focus of the community on retaining and recruiting doctors or a doctor and having hospitals in the area. People in remote and rural areas are preferred to be cared for in local governments.
The provision of the health services in remote and rural areas is affected by the limited funding and some resource constraints. In the developing countries, there are limited resources and facilities available for the health care and there’s also a considerable poverty. In a lot of developed countries, there’s a trend to the reduction of infrastructure and funding support for health care services in remote and rural communities. It’s happening in rural communities against the background of changing various practices in rural industries including forestry, fishing, mining, and agriculture combined with wider economic and social changes that cause considerable upheaval, which is referred to as rural decline.
The policies of economic rationalist have led to lessened infrastructure in rural communities with closure of government offices, banks, hospitals, and schools. A lot of remote and rural communities bear the cost of the global change without commensurate benefits. Such issues are accentuated in the context of frequently serious shortages of nurses, doctors, and some health service providers in remote and rural areas. Rural health care services require enough numbers of doctors and some health care providers who have skills to work comfortably and effectively in such areas. The services’ sustainability is dependent on enough health service availability of the specialist support and infrastructure.
Creating the different aspects of mortality and rural morbidity patterns and rural context, it’s clear that the delivery and development of health services in the rural areas should be specific to rural context and different from the ones in the cities. Unluckily, the urban-based health service planners and policy makers frequently seem to think that the country is like the city yet with different distribution of the population and it’s possible to transplant the urban modified health services to the rural areas.
As of now, many regulations are being made to provide solutions to the growing concerns of villagers health issues in different countries.